Screening, Brief Intervention, & Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) was originally developed as a public health model designed to provide universal screening, secondary prevention (meant to detect risky or hazardous substance use before the onset of abuse or dependence), early intervention, and treatment for people who have problematic or hazardous alcohol problems within primary care and other health care settings. This comprehensive and integrated public health approach to the delivery of early intervention provides opportunities for early intervention with at-risk susbstance users before more severe consequences occur.
According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, in 2010, alcohol misuse cost the United States $249 billion dollars.
The Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) reports that alcohol causes 88,000 deaths a year.
According to SAMHSA's 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), about two-thirds (66.6%) of people aged 12 or older reported that they drank alcohol in the past 12 months. The same report concluded there were 139.7 million current alcohol users aged 12 or older, with 23% classified as binge drinkers, 6.2% as heavy drinkers, and 6.4% met criteria for an alcohol use disorder.
The 2015 NSDUH reported that 15.1 million adults ages 18 and older had an alcohol use disorder.
To find out more, visit: SBIRT Whitepaper